Cold War Fears DBQ Essay

A new president has stepped up to the plate, President Dwight D. Eisenhower. However, Eisenhower needs to pick up where Truman had left off. He has to keep the country stable and deal with foreign policies. But, Eisenhower needs to face another issue at hand. With the Cold War going on, Americans are starting to fear the aftermath of the Second World War. From things like the Red Scare to the spread of communism in weak, poor countries, Eisenhower has a big responsibility that he must handle.

With current situations, if Eisenhower does not respond to the fears of the American people, he will have difficulties with internal affairs rather than external affairs. The aftermath of the Second World War made Americans shiver because of the fear of a frontal assault, communism, and arms race. President Eisenhower had a mixed levels of responses to each individual fear. Although the WI had ended, Americans now have to worry about another war, the Cold War.

Americans had worried about the war in Europe against the Germans, but now they had to go against one of their allies during the war (the trust was very cake between the United States and Soviet Union which made the alliance very weak overall). Americans now feared for a frontal assault from the Soviets. After WI, the Soviets (under Stalin’s command) had made advances in their military and were standing toe to toe with the United States in military power. The problem of Massive Retaliation came from the idea that the Soviet Union had the technology to send missiles directly towards the United States (U. S. New and World Report E).

Missiles now had the power to be launched for long distances and explode at an enemy amount. This brought up fear amongst the Americans because not only were they behind in military technology, but they had the ability to blow up a part of America from a long distance away. In a response to this, bomb shelters were created so that the civilians of America could retreat and stay out of harm’s way (Life Magazine C). Life Magazine shows this picture as a common procedure that the government needs to do because they’re in charge of protecting the civilians of the United States, because without them then the government would have no purpose.

They see this as normal solution in order to protect the lives of the people. One issue, however, did not change. Communism was still the main threat during the time of the Cold War. It was the leading cause of the Red Scare because of communist spies infiltrating the United States. Many people were caused of being communist which caused fear within the Americans because they suspected each other for being communists. This was a time of distrust as no one believed if the person next to them was American or communist. This was one of the main reasons that cause mass hysteria.

Eisenhower, during the press conference, says ,”We are rearing what unwise investigators will do to use here at home as they try to combat subversion or briber or deceit within,” (A). Eisenhower understands that communism is causing fear within his people that is causing them to become hysterical. Eisenhower is the current president at this time and as president he knows the circumstances that his people are going to and understands the fear they have to put up with. Communism wasn’t Just an internal problem, it was a problem in other parts of the world. Communism also infiltrated the Americas, but specifically Central and South America.

Guatemala has been seduced by the ideas of communism causing the situation to become dangerous in the eyes of the Americans Noon Foster Dulles B). Communism is bringing danger for the liberty of other cities and also to America itself because it makes it that much closer from taking over the United States as well. John F. Kennedy during his inaugural address, takes on hand the situation of communism. He says,” Oppose and foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty,” (l). Kennedy is standing up and stating that America needs to act and oppose its foes to assure that they survive in the end.

He also mentions the idea of “successful liberty. ” He wishes to grant this to the countries that are being overrun by the ideals of communism and to ensure that they will be granted freedom from communism’s ideals and make sure that they are protected. Jiff’s position as the leader of American shows his charisma and strength of attacking these issues. He sees communism as a threat and understands that America must oppose the foe (communism) and great liberty to the country that is being affected by it. The responses to communism breathed hope into the hearts of Americans, forever, it did not help America’s position in the arms race.

The fear was that America has fallen behind in the arms race because the Soviet Union has now surpassed them in the arms race with their new high tech missiles and ability to launch them for very long distances which meant that America was to be ready for a massive retaliation from the Soviets (U. S. New and World Report E). With America being behind, something needed to be done in order for us to catch up to our adversary. From this issue, America started to use most of its budget and spent it on missile programs (Horrible F).

Increased funding for missile programs went into effect and most other issues like welfare programs and civilian services was set aside because America needed to catch up to Russia with the arms race. Horrible understands where America stands in the arms race. Each moment America wastes is a moment that the Soviet Union can use to further advance their military and weapons. Horseback’s cartoons shows that he seems to have a good interpretation of the situation that was occurring during the time and what America needed to do or was doing in order for us to catch up to the Soviets in the race.

Statistics show that the Department of Commerce increased the percent of government spending into defenses. During Eisenhower presidency a solid 63% of the government’s spending was being invested into nation defense. Overtime America spent from $68. 5 billion dollars to $92. 1 billion in the late ass (Department of Commerce H). This shows how much America ended up spending so that it increase its national defenses, but also tried to catch up to the defense power that the Soviets wielded. This increase in production for defense shows America’s determination and ambition to achieve the bevel of defense power that the Soviets obtained.

The fear of the spread of communism, arms race, and frontal assaults by the Soviets showed the increasing growth of fear that Americans had within them during the Cold War. However, these fears also show the determination and ambition that the Eisenhower administration had which allowed them to create programs and policies as a response to address the fears of the American public. Fears still exist today and it’s quite possible that America might experience another form of the Cold War in the future. Only time can tell and America has the will to face this problem.

Book Review Share Jesus Without Fear

The author believes very strongly that “the success of sharing one’s faith is not about winning or bringing souls (people) to Christ it is all about obedience through faithfulness of the Christian (believer). “L He reminds us that we cannot save people; the only thing we can do is share the gospel, our faith and leave the rest to the Holy Spirit. Therefore, the author tells us that the only way to fail in evangelism, sharing one’s faith is if we fail to share – the sin of silence.

In other words The author goes on to state that as few as 5 to 10 percent of the people in the average church have shared their faith in the past year and that means that 90% of us have chosen the sin of silence. 2 The sin of silence means exactly what it says, “instead of sharing your faith you keep silent. ” He goes on to divide people into two groups: 1) those who talk about the lost and 2) those who talk to the lost. 3 The author goes on to inform us of reasons why people don’t share their faith and then he removes all excuses by stating that one must drop the excuses and practice obedience to the Great Commission. The author then discusses the need to overcome fear when sharing one’s faith. The author then gives five simple “Share Jesus” questions that aid in starting a conversation that can be directed to an opportunity to share the gospel. The author goes on to explain each of these questions. By asking these questions Fay states the conversation can be easily steered towards Jesus Christ because these questions allow people to give their opinions freely. Once the door is opened to share, Fay then gives selected passages of Scripture that are to be used during the second step of evangelism. Let the Bible speak for itself.

Fay’s main concept in this step is to have he person read the scripture aloud for themselves then ask them what it means to them. This gives them the Holy Spirit a chance to use their own voice to speak to their own hearts. If the person does not explain the scripture correctly, Fay asks them to read it again until they get the correct meaning. The author again reminds us that God will work through his word and that we do not have to try and do the work for him, God is God alone and will use the Holy Spirit to work in the person’s life. Finally, at the end of the book, Fay discusses the most common objections to accepting

Christ, as well as giving suggestions how to overcome these objections when one is faced with them. In conclusion, the book is about sharing Jesus without fear. Being in obedience. It is about how to overcome fear in evangelism. The author uses many personal experiences as examples, which I found to be supportive of his method of evangelize. The author stresses the importance of sharing one’s faith and that every believer should be aware of committing the “sin of silence. ” CONCRETE RESPONSE When the book spoke of fear of sharing one’s faith, it reminded me of one of my arsenal life experiences at the beginning of my walk with Christ.

In the beginning, I had the thought that I was not good enough to share Jesus with anyone. After all, before being saved I was a drug addict, criminal and a prostitute. I always thought how I could even be worthy enough to represent Christ let alone speak about him. Part of the reason I felt this way is I could not forgive myself for prostitution. Thanks to my mentor, Lisa the woman who helped me come back to Christ knew I was having difficulty in sharing my faith with people because of this, ministered to me and wrought scripture (Romans 10:9-10 and Psalms 103:2) that Christ has saved me from every sin and remembers them no more.

I learned that I am a new creation in Christ Jesus and am worthy to represent him. God showed me that I am more than good enough to share the gospel with others and because of what I have went through in life I can give a better testimony of what God can and will do because he did it for me. Praise God I overcame the spirit of not being good enough and now I share my faith with anyone who will listen. REFLECTION As it relates to the book, I found the book to be very encouraging in sharing one’s that. Fay firmly believes that everyone should be sharing his or her faith.

I agree with this that every believer should be sharing Jesus with someone. The book for all practical purposes does outline a simple way to share faith. It gives detail on how to initiate a conversation, how to overcome fear and objections, how to use scripture and how to let the Holy Spirit have control. The author reminds us that we are not the ones who is saving people only God can do that and that all we have to do is not keep silent about Christ. I liked the way Fay uses Scripture to back up his approach ND how he used examples of his personal experiences.

However, one thing that I believe could have made the book helpful especially for those who have had rejection in sharing their faith would have been the mention of more personal experiences where rejection was the result. This would have helped the reader relate to rejection, as they would have read actual experiences of rejection that would help encourage them in the same situations. On the other hand, maybe Fay did not mention more rejection experiences because as he states throughout the book one cannot fail when sharing one’s faith.

As long as one is willing to share and not keep, silent God can work with it. I have to say that until I read Fays book I did not think of not sharing one’s faith as the “sin of silence. ” Now I can see that it is a sin to be silent because God does tell us to witness, and share the gospel and if we are in disobedience in this area then we are sinning – whether intentionally or not. I also agree with the follow up advice Fay gives after someone receives Christ. Do not let them be on their own, find a church for them to be involved in so they can continue to grow in their relationship with Christ.

Too many of us lead someone to Christ then we leave him or her to fend for himself or herself. Should not be! What I took from the book is the importance of evangelize and sharing one’s faith. Not to be fearful and look for every opportunity to share Christ. I also learned that this is what all believers are called to do and if we do not then we are committing the “sin of silence. ” We all need to be aware of people around us who need Jesus and take every opportunity to share Christ with them. ACTION This book has enlightened me in some areas that I need to improve in my life.

I do evangelize whenever the opportunity arises but there are times that, I get so busy I do not notice those around me in everyday situations. In everyday situations, I do sometimes find it difficult to start conversations where they can be directed to sharing Christ. Therefore, I do like the approach Fay gives in his book. I also like the suggestion of a prayer list of actually writing down people’s names that we should be praying over. As a minister, I have people asking me to pray for them and sometimes I am guilty of forgetting their names when I am in prayer.

A prayer list would help me remember not only those I should pray for but those who have asked for prayer. The book had many suggestions that I will start using. In the future, I plan to be more aware of people around me especially in everyday situations. Start to use some of the Share Jesus Questions and Scriptures Fay uses to direct conversations toward sharing Christ. I am going to start writing a prayer list that will enable me to remember those that need prayer and to pray for them diligently. I also plan to get a small pocket Bible with the Share Jesus Questions and

Scriptures and have it with me at all times that I can be prepared when opportunities arise to share Christ. I believe this is a necessary change for me. It makes sense that we need to be ready in any given situation to share Christ and many of us does not carry a big bible with us everywhere we go whereas a small pocket bible we can. I never thought of this until reading this book. This is what Fay does and it seems like a perfect solution to having scripture with you at all times. In conclusion, I have a better understanding and I am more encouraged in the rear of sharing my faith and evangelize.

Case Houston fearless

We see in the text in the first page that the CEO isn’t happy about the sale , we see that the company need revenue growth and a constant profitability , this can be explain by the fact that commission are based on sale , and not on the gross margin of the product . So if the HOFF managers’ are unhappy it’s because the commission are not based on the product profitability. But there are some other problem . Landed if the revenue is not what we expected it’s because of the lack of development of the company on new market, the salesperson are not doing enough on it.

Secondly they don’t do anything about expand their existing market, they don’t develop a synergies among our market. So the problem in its globosity is the market objective and development market. We see too that there is some different compensation structure for different product. There is another problem which is the fact that the sales forecast is inconsistent. Related to this problem there is an another problem which forecast accountability which is not strong enough since there is no downside for salesperson for overstating forecast , and so this make some problem about planning .

And to finish we can say that the incentive has not been introduced properly. So for these reasons manager are not happy in the Houston Fearless 76 INC . We will see on this part if the weaknesses on this plan is a major cause of the company’s’ performance plan . So to begin we have to list all the weaknesses of the current plan For me the first weaknesses is the Sales , we see on the text that the first main reason that HOFF manager’s are unhappy is because the sales do not reach the goal that the board fixed.

It’s due a Mismatch between CO’s objective and sale force incentive , it’s evident that if the CO’s objective is not matching with the sales force incentive the salesperson are denominated to work because they think with all the effort than can cake they will never reach CO’s objective and so to earn money . The other weaknesses about sales that we can talk is the decrease of the sale due to they late introduction into the digital technology and we see on the text that The CEO is unhappy about the revenue , so we can conclude he is not happy about the sales , because if there is no sales they will have no revenue .

The other weaknesses that can tell is about the the commission system , because the commission are based on the sales , and not on product profitability . One another weaknesses there is a lack of development of the market , this a nakedness because the company sell micrographs product , so they can use their technology knowledge to develop their activity in the other market . There is no Internal Force (Reps and Dealers ) and no industry performance benchmark ( they have only smaller competitor who were privately held, and their bigger competitor are too big for the company ).

These two weakness are important because this lack of internal force and industry performance benchmark don’t permit to make profit (no internal force ) and to forecast the market and also know his arrest . We can notify also as the last weakness is the poor performance in expanding firm’s existing market (linked with all the weaknesses that we see on the top). So to answer to the question all the weaknesses that we saw previously are the main the reasons of poor performance of Houston Fearless 76 Inc. / Evaluate the new incentive plan being contemplated. What modifications would you make to the proposed new plan, if any? How would you address the unresolved issues? The new incentive plan is compare to the old better on everything. This plan imposed in three keys factors , this key factor are essential for the future development of the company . These three keys factors are Sales Forecast , the Product Gross Margin , and the Management By Objective .

So to evaluate the new incentive plan we have to evaluate each key factor to answer . Sales Forecast ; To respect better the sales objective, there is in the new incentive plan a commission which is paid on the sales forecast accuracy . So this new commission is something really good to improve the operating process businessman not only the potential sales objective. And also with this new rule salesperson will forecast the minimum target in order to reach their target.

The Product Gross Margin ; There is a new commission based on the product gross margin , but neither commission will be paid until gross exceeded 70% at the early stages of the measuring year because the people will not be optimistic in achieving the 70% cap (De-motivating factor). Management By Objective ; A new commission related to the management by objective is related in the text. So this commission will be reach only and only if the MOB target will be reach , and to reach this goal they must ;

Adding a significant of new customer Coordinating well with the production Keeping annual travel expenses below forecast So this a very good news that in the new incentive plan there is a management by objective , it will permit to salesperson team to be more efficient , and they will have a common goal so to reach they have help each other , so I think that will improve the relationship between sales persons . So I thinks this is the first step to improve the turnover of the company , so it’s a good incentive plan . If I were the HOFF manager I will give these 4 recommendations ;

They have to quantify the MOB target (How many new customer ,… ) I think that solution that we can add is the fact that the company should concentrate their attention not only on the gross margin product , but on the margin per product to , so for example for each product that the sales persons sold they will earn a percentage on the product margin I think to improve the realization of objectives they have to mix some measurement indicator ( Economic situation (Crisis) , sales growth , market situation …. ) They have to reconsideration their strategy , I think that they have to enter in some ache market to be more profitable . / Are there any significant impediments to the successful implementation of the new incentive plan? If so, which? They will have some impediments to the successful implementation. The first impediment is the fact that they needs some software to create better analyze and forecast better the sales objectives . In fact these are the main point of the new incentive place , so the forecast and the measure performance had to be perfect . The other impediments are the Salesperson and The HOFF Inc managers’ , because , f neither of those groups fulfill the objectives , the company will go down .

So the company needs them to be motivate and the CEO want that his employee believe in their company in order to be better on the field and so they will make profit. 4. Would you make any changes to the system providing bonuses to sales assistants? If so, what? I think that the new incentive plan is a good plan and they have to be respected by all the employee , we have Just to wait about it’s realization . But like I said earlier , I think that we can replace the gross margin product omission by a commissions on the margin per product .

Fear and Main Character

At the very beginning, as API arrives home from “work” (later assumed to be his second girlfriend’s house, the Puerco Rican) to leave for their party, Younger states “If API had walked in and caught us lounging around in our underwear, man, he would have kicked our asses or something serious. ” (Ditz, 1996). The evidence to confirm some sort of anxiety disorder in Younger in response to this type of negative treatment from his father is prevalent from the start, as we are exposed to Papa’s commanding personality.

Parental psychological and physical abuse leads to a multitude of anxiety disorders n children and affects an estimated “8-10 of every 100 children and adolescents. ” (Iraqi, Ninja, 2014). In this short story, the author first presents us with a complex main character who, at a rather young age, is already displaying a wide variety of psychological disorders due to parental (primarily father) abuse.

In a closer analysis of this main character, the most prevalent of disorders would include phobia (of his father as well as their family road trips in the Van), generalized anxiety disorder related to fear, and the initial stages of an eating disorder after API attributes Humidor’s motion sickness to poorly timed meals. Phobia can be generally defined as an unrealistic and overwhelming fear of a specific object, person or situation; in this case it is a combined fear of API and family road trips.

To be exact, a fear of road trips to the Puerco Ricans home in Papa’s new lime green van never fail to put Younger over the edge. Younger irrationally fears that he is always the only one in trouble with his dad and though he does admit that he occasionally likes the attention, he clearly does not enjoy the physical pain. Each of Papa’s three children display a fear of him in a considerably different manner, resalable due to their ranking birth order.

Raff the oldest, having most likely been the first to have endured such physical force from their father, does his best to avoid these violent situations as they arise: “Raff had already started inching away from me… Moving out of the way every time API was going to smack me. ” (Ditz, 1996). While Humidor’s much younger sister Madam, who most likely will never suffer this type of physical abuse from their father but still hears the verbal cruelty, is also avoiding and usually “too scared to open her eyes. ” (Ditz, 1996).

It is evident that Younger strives o gain recognition from his father and though he fears the physical force that will undoubtedly follow, Younger takes each moment of acknowledgment that he can and runs with it, so to speak. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (typically Just referred to as simply “GAD”) is a disruption in how someone’s brain “controls the signals used to identify danger and initiate action to help avoid it. ” (Catcher, 2015). However, in GAD, this signaling mechanism does not function as planned and a person will experience the danger signal when there is no existing danger.

This overwhelming anxiety will cause serious motional distress and will negatively impact school as well as relationships, usually presenting itself physically in the form of headaches or often uncontrollable nausea. Humidor’s internal anxiety is revealed once his father stops at the Puerco Ricans and Younger finally realizes what his father has been doing after work. In this story, Younger is continuously torn between the fear of his father’s wrath and his love for his Miami, that he drives himself physically ill.

This leads the reader to believe that perhaps it is a combination of factors causing Humidor’s motion sickness in the van: indecision on veiling his father’s adulterations, or perhaps a general nervousness of falling short of his father’s expectations that is making him ill. Avoiding restrictive food intake disorder has become increasingly common among children and adolescents since the time of the sass’s, and it is not one associated with weight control or body shape.

Avoiding restrictive food intake disorder, also known as “RAPID”, is what some people might refer to as “picky eating” but is technically a food aversion due to the sensory qualities of food triggering a physiological response. In this case, API is convinced that Humidor’s motion sickness is dad exponentially worse by his eating before road trips and will not allow Younger to eat before they travel. Out of control binge eating (also an eating disorder) then predictably follows Humidor’s episodes of vomiting and starvation as “those postulates didn’t stand a chance. ” (Ditz, 1996).

Younger is beginning to develop the association that eating is an undisclosed activity to be done behind his father’s back, quickly, secretively, and in surplus whenever you have the chance (the exact definition of an emerging binge eating disorder), rather than one to be enjoyed with family and friends. In conclusion, by way of analyzing Humidor’s actions and thoughts, it can be determined that he is a young and impressionable main character, currently exhibiting the symptoms of severe phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and a rising eating disorder in part due to his father’s psychological and occasionally physical abuse.

Compare the ways Shakespeare presents fear

Compare and contrast how doubt and uncertainty are presented in Richard Ill and Macbeth Macbeth is a tragedy play written by William Shakespeare. The play is set in Scotland during the mid 1 lath century. But, the play was written in 1606 at a time where James I was on the throne. King James was a very superstitious man who believed in magic and witchcraft and these themes were presented in Macbeth to please the King. Also the political context is important as it was included in Macbeth with the ideas of excessive ambition. On the other hand, Richard Ill is a historical play by William

Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1592. It presents the Machiavellian rise to power and subsequent short reign of Richard Ill of England. In Macbeth, Shakespeare uses imagery and symbols in the play to present the uncertainty and doubt with Lady Macbeth. This is presented in the quote: “Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee. ” This quote shows Machete’s uncertainty at this point in the play and it is also one of the first signs of his deterioration. The imagery of the dagger was used by

Shakespeare effectively, as it can be taken as Macbeth losing his head or an actually sign of a ghosts and witchcraft that is haunting their action. Here, Shakespeare presents Macbeth to be going insane has him questioning his own state and his vision. ” Is this a dagger which I see before me” shows this. Also this quote presents the battle between dream and reality as he is unclear whether this “dagger” is in his mind or actually in front of him. Also another idea which is presented is that he is being haunted by this dagger and this could be a reference to the witches or Ithaca.

These ideas were commonly believed at this time where there was lots of superstition with the people and the King. Shakespeare also presents doubt with foreshadowing. “Come, let me clutch thee. ” This foreshadows that there is more killing to come as he will need to use a knife and murder more people to achieve their goal of taking the throne. Shakespeare In Macbeth “If chance will have me king why, chance may crown me, without my stir” Here, Macbeth is showing doubt as he isn’t certain whether there is a need to kill King Duncan as it may happen anyway.

His uncertainty is shown through the quote as it shows a reflective frame of mind and also it presents a foreshadowing effect of events to come. This is presented by the witches as they appear to Macbeth and give him hope which is soon lost as we see in this quote. This reference is clearly connected with the witches, this was probably included to please James l. Shakespeare has also used the uncertainty of Macbeth and the certainty and determination of Lady Macbeth to use a Juxtaposed effect to emphasis Machete’s doubt in himself and in his actions.

In this quote we see that Machete’s morality sakes him uncertain at this point in the play as he doesn’t want to kill the king. In Macbeth, Shakespeare presents doubt and uncertainty using conditional phrases when Macbeth speaks, this is evident in the line: If we should fail? Lady Macbeth We fail? But screw your courage to the sticking-place, and we’ll not fail. Furthermore, Macbeth is questioning their fate in the play. Macbeth is presented as uncertain and his attitudes are opposed with the assurance of Lady Macbeth. Shakespeare shows uncertainty to present the attitudes of people of this time.

He shows that Shakespeare is thinking about the consequences of his actions. This is about getting caught and also about the future beyond this crime. As people were very superstitious this could be seen as a act against God resulting in both Lady Macbeth and Macbeth going to hell, Macbeth is uncertain about his actions and the position he will be in later. The effect on the audience is that they can reflect on their actions and also think about the consequences Just as Macbeth as done. Shakespeare uses Lady Macbeth to again emphasis the fear and doubt of Macbeth.

Shakespeare is presenting Lady Machete’s doubt in Machete’s ability to kill Duncan and become King, as she has to guild Macbeth like he is a child. In Richard Ill, Shakespeare uses personification and rhetorical questions to present the doubts and uncertainties of Richard Ill in his play. This is seen in the line: “Cold fearful drops stand on my trembling flesh. What do I fear? Myself? There’s none else by’ In this quote Shakespeare shows an unstable mind frame in Richard Ill. He has woken up from a dream where the ghosts of the people he has killed appear to him.

In this quote we see a change in Richards attitude. “trembling flesh” shows that Richard has clearly been scared by his confrontation. This isn’t the only change in Richards attitudes as he becomes uncertain progressively in this soliloquy. There are two separate voices talking in Richards minds, the internalized voices that are shown throughout the play to the other characters. Now he is Judging and questioning himself. The “false looking glass” that Richard has been called has now been focused onto himself, and he cannot see himself clearly anymore or he has lost he plot.

The idea of two different perspectives in his minds in present and also two perspective of his life, there is a battle between dream and reality is present and has caused uncertainty as he doesn’t know the difference after these ghosts appear. Shakespeare has used caesura to present the change in attitude of Richard also this supports the idea of Richard having an internal voice that challenges his beliefs at this stage in the play. He shows these in the play by using soliloquies so the audience knows Richards attitudes.

Shakespeare uses rhetorical questions to present the themes of uncertainty and Queen’s Elizabethan self-doubt. This is seen in the line: “If he were dead, what would happen to me? ” Queen Elizabeth is presented as uncertain by Shakespeare as she doesn’t see a clear future for herself. This quote suggests that she needs her husband who has been killed. The audience sees her self-doubt and the uncertainty of her children’s future. She then says, “The loss of such a lord includes all harms”. Here, she is suggesting that the Lord was a great loss and that he can’t be replaced in her and her children’s ivies.

Also this could be suggesting that there is no one who can be as good as a king. There is a rhetorical question used for purpose s if she is questioning a voice in her mind or even a force of the Gods as if she is looking for guidance. This is relatable for the people in the Shakespearean era as they were very religious. Shakespeare has effectively used this line to present what Queen Elizabeth is thinking as this time of the play, this is done by the use of the soliloquies. Shakespeare supports her attitudes by using this conditional phrase.

Fear and Loathing Postmodernism

Specifically, postmodernism refutes such concepts as reality, the ability to reach perfection, absolute truth, the structures of capitalism, ideals represented within popular culture, political values and other core incepts related to the structures of American culture. The concept is often criticized as a truism for its ambiguity in its very definition. Ironically, ambiguity in relation to truth is as much a description of the term as it is a concept practiced within the cultural movement.

For this reason, the term is perhaps most simplistically exemplified and defined through media texts which encode its ideologies. One such media text includes Fear and Loathing in Lass Vegas, a film adapted from Hunter Thompson 1972 novel. In the following essay, I will define the concept of southernism through Fear and Loathing in Lass Vegas. The media text uses humor to challenge modernistic ideas of one’s ability to achieve the utopian “American dream,” which is often defined as the realization of ultimate happiness and success.

Specifically, Fear and Loathing satirical refute of the existence of an American Dream is encoded throughout the film, a theme immediately introduced to the audience. In the opening scene, a series of news clips covering the sass Vietnam War and Civil Rights Movement plays over “My Favorite Things” a song created for the Broadway musical “Sound of Music. These violent clips and discordant musical rhythms fade into the review mirror of a flashy red 1971 Chevrolet convertible occupied by two drug fueled main protagonists, Rural Duke and Dry.

Gone who speed across the desert on their way to Lass Vegas. The montage of war, struggle and self-empowerment left behind in a Nevada desert dust cloud coupled with the fear- refuting yet emotional distraught song, suggests the degradation of the modernist era progression. The countercultures characters are introduced as the product of the search for the American Dream, and they are seen as two crazed fools, under the influence of hallucinogenic drugs still in search of the same utopia as their predecessors had in the previous decade.

Similar symbols of mockery towards the American Dream include the protagonists’ rented convertible and the glitz and glamour of the city wherein the film is set. The vehicle, which the protagonists named “the red shark,” and its Lass Vegas destination similarly allude to the American cultural desire for excess. This idea is humorously argued throughout the film. Excess leads to degradation of society- red shark “the drive for material gain is powerful and ungenerous”.

Throughout the film the illusion of the American Dream is reinforced as the protagonists consistently are shown encountering every ideological symbolism of success and material gain with grotesque hallucinogenic perceptions and departing with trails of destruction. The films use of light and color similarly degrades the sass’s illusion that Lass Vegas promises its visitors a utopia as the protagonists are filmed in a haze of fading glittering lights and obscured neon colors.

Fear and Social Skills

Dry. Susanne Many people suffer from a fear of heights. If you are one of them, there is no reason to feel all alone. Acrophobia is a phobia that is more mutual than people would like to admit. Some people are not even aware of their phobia for heights until faced with a situation that brings the fear to light. One of the reasons that people would deny their fear of heights phobia is that they are deathly afraid of fear itself. These people move on in spite of their acrophobia, and for good reason.

They fear he fear of heights. Exchanging your phobia of heights for this kind of fear Just might be the solution you need. Here are five reasons why you should be afraid of acrophobia. When you suffer from height fear, there are many things that you are never going to be able to do. You may feel safe and sound on the ground, but acrophobia is doing you some damage. The fear of heights does not serve to keep people safe. There have been many instances in those with no fear of heights were the only ones to survive a disaster.

There are some people who serve their acrophobia to the point that when faced with the choice of being at a great height or death they chose the latter. You should be horribly fearful of having a fear of heights because of the way it limits you. The fear of heights is a phobia that not only limits your physical ability, but is also can limit your social skills. Those who suffer from a phobia of heights cannot participate in related group activities. Acrophobia is very difficult for parents of adventurous children who love amusement parks, mountain climbing, or even taking n elevator to the roof of a tall building.

With acrophobia, you are left out of doing many fun activities with family and friends. This limitation can have an adverse effect on your relationship overall. A phobia of heights is also very unhealthy. Being fearful can cause severe damage to your nervous system and your circulatory system. Many people who died of heart attacks did so when faced with something that frightened them. They Just dropped dead on the spot. What would your body go through should it happen that you find ourselves faced with being at a great height?

Not always are all circumstances under your control. If nothing else your heart rate is sure to increase dramatically and if you are not healthy enough to handle it a dangerous situation could arise. Currently, heart disease has remained the number one cause of death for many years. This is due in part to phobia responses. Another good reason you should fear the fear of heights is that it makes you illogical. When you are responding to your phobia of heights, you are not thinking clearly.

Instead, the fear overtakes you and makes you do things that Just worsen the situation. There are many people who have caused their identifiable death Just because they were faced with their phobia and could not handle it. This is severe with acrophobia because when at a great height you need to use caution. People with acrophobia cannot exercise their reasoning when at a height and this almost ensures their defeat. In the end, acrophobia has to be a fear of death. When afraid, some people would rather face death than a height.

There is nothing so debilitating as a fear of heights. Overcoming fear can often mean an adoption of the fear of fear itself. For it would be better to consider what the phobia does to you and fear the consequences than to continue to let the fear of heights rule over you. Phobia of heights limits you physically, socially, and even emotionally. Thanks to the fear of heights people have lost their lives when they could have lived. If you think about it, acrophobia is much scarier than the heights it seeks to protect you from.

Fear and trembling

Dry. Chorine Wiggeries Interpersonal Communication Fear and Trembling Coming to SST. Edwards was my dream. Who would have guess that the little girl I was at 5 would ever have the opportunity to move there one day. But the truth was that moving from France to Texas hasn’t been an easy task to do especially after all the French cultural background Vive been use to my whole life. Everything is different when you come from Europe.

But the thing I was the more worried about was the first day at school, not because I was alone and in a foreign country, but because I didn’t know how to behave and act with people here. As for the appearances, people looked the same; we were all young and college students. As I was meeting my first American friend, I leaned to him to give him two kisses on the cheeks as we are used to do in France. It’s been the weirdest moment of my American experience so far: I didn’t know it but here we hug. At that moment I really thought that there should be an instruction manual for whoever moves to Texas.

The movie Fear and Trembling relates the story of Amelia Nothing, a Belgian young woman. Amelia was born and eased in Japan, but her family background comes from Belgium. She moved back there when she was five. The film tells the story of Amelia, whenever she returned to Japan after getting the Job offer as an interpreter within one of the most important Japanese company: Yummiest. She always admired the Japanese refinement, sophistication and their art of living and her dream has always been to go back and live there as a real Japanese.

But when she gets there, it’s a whole different reality that appears to her, Japan’s system is rigid, and she’s a lot of trouble getting used to t. Her adaptation is hard and everything she does is bad and looks rude for her Japanese fellows. This is the story of a cruel and unfair decline: she is getting down the levels of the Japanese society until the position of “toilets cleaning lady’. Nevertheless, she refuses to give up in order keeping her honor, an important value in Japan.

As she comes from a very heterogeneous country she is not used to this perfect and homogeneous lifestyle Japanese have where individualism doesn’t really exist. The majors concepts that I recognized while watching the movie are Power- assistance, the difference between collectivism and individualism: “Western culture versus Japanese culture”, and the culture shock different levels. First day of work, Amelia arrives smiling and happy to finally start the Job of her dreams. At the beginning of the film, the first task the superior of the service gives her seems very easy. Indeed, Mr..

Gaits orders Amelia to write a letter to one of the company’s client in order to invite him to the golf. Amelia accepts, pleased to have an easy thing to do. She writes something very polite and cordial as she would have done it in Belgium. Whenever she is done, she goes and gives the letter to Mr.. Gaits who furious tears up the note asking her to write a new one. It looked like the courtesy and politeness offended him. In Japan, the less you talk and communicate the better it is. It’s a low power distance culture and they tend to hide any kind of courtesy that would show any personal feelings.

It’s called dissimulation or concealment. Japanese “tend to use words as only part of the message. Other factors, such as silence, subtle body language, mood, tone, and intuition imply meaning communication styles”. The less you’ll talk the more polite and respected by the others you’ll be. Japanese people are very proud of their capacity to be such a homogeneous society. They all behave the same way. For example, how you would talk in Europe or America to your fellows’ workers in the office whenever you get there every morning doesn’t exist in Japan.

In the movie, we see them getting to work, going to their desk and start working again, and this with barely exchanging some words. They don’t share their personal lives. The movie is full of power distance examples. For instance, when Amelia is asked to bring the coffee to the conference mom where a big and important meeting is taking place, she says nicely “here is you coffee”, “do you want some sugar” in Japanese when she gives them their coffee. Every people from a western country would have done the same, it’s simply being polite and well-educated.

In Japan, it’s the opposite. When you are surrounded by important people and that you’re a foreigner, you can’t show them that you speak their language perfectly because it’s rude, will outrage and irritate them. In Japan, you don’t really need to talk, and as I said earlier they don’t show interest or feelings for anything. If you talk to them whereas you’re not allowed to, they’ll Just completely ignore you and pretend you don’t exist. Furthermore, to talk and answer to one of your superior whereas he didn’t give you the permission first is forbidden.

An example from the movie would be when she is convoked by her superior and talks whereas he is not done yet and never didn’t allow her to talk. He starts yelling at her, and everybody in the office start day after day to wonder if Amelia is not crazy or stupid. She is Just applying the western culture. The next concept I recognized in the movie was the difference between Collectivism and Individualism. In an individualist culture “members are responsible for themselves and perhaps their immediate family’ whereas in a collectivist culture, “members are responsible for the entire group. In an individualist culture you are responsible for your own conscience whereas in a collectivist system, you will be responsible for the group you are in, responsible for its success or failure. Responsibility is shared between all members. In the middle of the movie, Amelia is assigned to the photocopier. There, she meets Mr.. Tenths who is one of the superior in another service at Yummiest. While they are talking, he gets to the point to ask her to do a Job for him. As she is from Belgium and lives in Japan, she can understand both languages and knows the Belgian culture perfectly as it’s hers.

He asks her to write a full report on a Belgian matter. Amelia takes the offer very seriously and spends the entire night writing the report. After handing it back to Mr.. Tenths she is happy to see him coming back to congratulates her for the amazing work she did. Amelia asked him not to tell anyone that she did that work considering all the problems she already has, but he insists on the fact that she takes reward for her ark. He should have known the consequences whereas she couldn’t but she let him doing what he wanted to, secretly hopping that this report will help her to get the promotion she dreams of having.

The superior called them and almost fired both of them. The problem is that in a collectivist system and society, as I pointed out earlier, the responsibilities are shared; it’s not as an individualist system where you are allowed to stand up and be distinct from the others. As her report was excellent, she distinguished herself from the other and showed that even not without being Japanese; she was able to do an excellent work. She differentiated herself from all the other workers. She became individualist in a collectivist system.

The last concepts I identified in the movie Fear and Trembling, is culture shock. It’s “the psychological reaction you experience when you’re in a culture very different from your own. ” It has different stages: the honeymoon, the crisis, the recovery, and the adjustment. The first stage would be when you first arrive and discover everything with fascination. From the day she got to her work to the moment when she started to be unhappy is her honeymoon stage. It would be the discovery phase, when everything is nice and perfect.

She was happy with any one asking her a favor; she was thrilled to do any king a small task: calendar, photocopy. She admires everything: Buick beauty, learnt every dates, birthday, number of children of every employee like that she could communicate and exchange with them. The crisis stage is where your culture and the one you discovered are starting to create problems; you experience the culture shock at this moment. This phase started when she got assigned to the photocopier but it got worse when she met Mr.. Tenths.

She already had some trouble with her superior, but they really started by the incident of the report. No individualism is allow in the Japanese society, that’s why when Amelia reported her experienced of the mission Mr.. Tenths had given her to Buick the real tragedy began. Buick scarified and gave up on her personal life to get to the Job she has, and Amelia in few months would beat her, she couldn’t accept it and went to see the superior to denounce Amelia. In the Japanese culture is not bad and weak to denounce a fellow worker but it’s bad to show that you can be better than someone else.

As a response of that drama, she got affected to the bathroom at the “cleaning Lady’, she could not go lower. Her task there was to check that everything was clean and that the toilet had paper. It’s an injurious Job for someone that studied and worked that hard to get this “Job”. But she was determined and decided that she wouldn’t give up. She had a one year contract, she’ll do it. Japanese are a very proud society and one of the value that make their society that strong and united is that no matter what we’ll happen to them, a Japanese never abandon or capitulate, they’ll knish what they’ve started.

The recovery stage is whenever during the crisis stage you gain skills that are going to help you overcoming the situation. When she was the cleaning lady, all the men working in the service would take the elevator and go downstairs to go to the bathroom in order to avoid Amelia some work and makes the company losing time and money. They helped her by giving her hope and strength to stay until the end. Above all the only fact that she wasn’t going to abandon was a victory for her which helps her to go until the end of the contract.

The final stage ladled the adjustment is the one when you adjust your situation and you start getting use to the experiences you are living and the culture you discovered. At the end of that stage you end up liking the experience you had to live. You learn from your mistakes and staying strong and accepting everything thankless tasks she had to do made her stronger. The readjustment part ended up with Amelia going to her superior and telling him that she was not going to renew the contract. She left with her honor and pride. She ended up going back to Belgium and wrote a book about her experience in Japan.

Fear essay

Fear is one of the most bothering thing a person can have. And in the book ” Cry the Beloved Country” fear is always a bout. Stephen faced a lot of fear when he had to go to Johannesburg to find his son and sister He was frightened because of the things he heard about Johannesburg , he was scared he would get lost. Same with every other person that lived in Stephens tribe. Stephens son Abyssal faces fear , when he is sent to prison , how he was scared to be hung . Fear Is all in the country too .

The citizens are scared , when I say that Im speaking of all the discrimination going on In the country . The Blacks being treated different from the Whites . Apartheid , Is taking over the country . The Blacks are scared to speak there minds and the whites are too because If they do , they can face death or Call time . Fear takes over peoples mind and can cause them to lose him or herself , but the people In the book ” Cry the Beloved Country ” find a way to hold It together . Fear is all in the country too .

The citizens are scared , when I say that IM speaking of all the discrimination going on in the country . The Blacks being treated different from the Whites . Apartheid , is taking over the country . The Blacks are scared to speak there minds and the whites are too because if they do , they can face death or jail time . Fear takes over peoples mind and can cause them to lose him or herself , but the people in the book ” Cry the Beloved Country ” find a way to hold it together .

Fear in “The Crucible” by Arthur Miller

The Crucible In the past, present, and undoubtedly In the future, deceptive individuals take advantage of the anxieties and fears of society. When a society’s insecurities are exposed and raw, a disconcerted mood spreads throughout the people. This contagion can engulf an entire population and become Like a living entity, causing people to act rashly and hypocritically. Whether or not the fear is justified, a convincing individual can exploit a certain mentality called mob psychology. Mob psychology involves manipulating the hysteria of a crowd to fulfill one’s desires.

In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, Abigail Williams and other characters spread a fear of witches in the Puritan town of Salem. The fear that they spread ends up permeating their community and dominating the lives of everyone in the town. The psychological phenomenon known as mass hysteria has an important effect on the events in The Crucible. The Crucible contains many Important events that precede the madness that ensues by the end of the play. Abigail Williams, for Instance, has a love affair with John Proctor, and wants Proctor to leave his wife Elizabeth for her.

Another character with a hidden agenda is Mr.. Thomas Putnam, who hopes to take over some of his neighbor’s land. To amplify the situation, a group of girls are questioned by ministers for performing witch-like rituals in the forest. A Puritan belief of the 17th century is that the devil and other demons live in the forest, and that witchcraft is performed there as well. Dissembling citizens begin to accuse others of witchcraft, with a very selfish motive. As John Proctor describes the hysteria that ensues,’vengeance is walking Salem’ (1079).

The vengeance that Proctor s talking about Is the motive for all the accusers. The accusers are able to get away with Injustices In the court because the townspeople are extremely afraid of witchcraft, and thus are eager to annihilate any signs of It. The mass hysteria also has an incredible effect later in the play, when the witchcraft trials take place. Many people are being convicted with very insubstantial testimony, and with no tangible evidence at all. This is because the people of the town have been surrounded by the witchcraft frenzy so much, that they ignore their conscience.

They become infatuated with the existence of witches, and seek to eradicate them. Since the people of Salem are very vulnerable, It is not hard to see how many could have been led to believe that the time of confusion had been brought upon them by deep and darling forces’ (1036). The Puritans believe that all evil and disorder Is linked to the Devil. At the trial, even people as wise as Reverend Hale are confused as to what Is the truth and what Is false. This Is an example of Illusion vs.. Laity, because so many people are ‘crying witch’, that It becomes Impossible to discern the people that have selfish intent from those that actually believe in witchcraft. The are officially tried. Though the hysteria in the Salem witch trials takes place in 17th century Massachusetts, a more modern version of this psychological phenomenon takes place during the asses. The hearings of Senator Joe McCarthy also utilize mob psychology for the benefit of an individual. McCarthy uses the fear of an attack by the Communist Soviet Union to build up hype in order to develop his political career.

This fear that, ‘in America, NY man who is reactionary in his views is open to the charge of alliance with the Red hell’ (1052), is an example of the fears people have of Communist infiltration. The Red hell’ mentioned by the narrator is the Communist Party, and during the asses, one would be tried for treason if he or she is accused of being affiliated with this unfavorable party. The reaction of the people to this hype is Just as McCarthy expects. The people become frightened and the truth becomes hazy. As a mechanism of defense, people begin to scapegoat each other.

When high officials are eventually accused, the entire idea is dropped, and the emotions return back to normal. This is a parallel to the part Rebecca Nurse has in The Crucible. She is a highly respected community figure, and when she is accused of witchcraft, people begin to reevaluate the validity of the claims. In other great literary works, the theme of mass hysteria is present to show the hypocritical side of society or in portraying effective ways of persuading a crowd. One such instance of persuasion is in William Shakespearean, Julius Caesar. The character

Mark Antonym speaks to the mourners at Career’s funeral, which are completely against him, and he turns the crowd entirely in his favor. Mark Antonym uses verbal tools such as sarcasm and repetition to turn the crowd in his favor, so that he might have people help him retaliate against Career’s murderers. The phenomenon of mass hysteria strongly influences the events in literature, and parallels can be drawn between those events and modern events. The Crucible is a powerful example of mass hysteria invading a population like a rampant virus consuming its host.